What Are Freckles – Types, Causes, Home Remedies

Freckles are tiny brown coloured spots that may occur on your skin. The main cause of freckles is overexposure to the sun. Freckles are most common among people with fair skin.

 

TYPES OF FRECKLES

  • Ephelides: This type of freckles is flat and light brown in colour. They are most common in people with a light complexion. They fade away easily, after using home remedies and sunscreen.
  • Liver spots: This type of freckles is large and dark brown in colour. Such type of freckles is common in aged people because they occur after years of exposure to the sun.

CAUSES

  • Overexposure to sun

Freckles occur mostly when people are overexposed to the sun because the melanocytes overproduce melanin granules after coming in exposure to sunrays.

  • Genes

Another reason for the formation of freckles on the skin is genes. People with fair complexioned skin, light coloured eyes, red or blonde hair are more prone to freckles. Because fair complexioned skin and light coloured eyes are very sensitive and as soon as they come in contact with UV rays, melanocytes start to produce more of melanin granules and hence, freckles start to appear on their skin.

HOME REMEDIES

Following are the home remedies that can help you to get rid of freckles:

TURMERIC

Ingredients:

  • Turmeric: ½ tsp
  • Water: 1 Tsp
  • Aloe vera leaf: 1

STEPS

  1. Add ½ a teaspoon of turmeric to 1 teaspoon of water.
  2. Now, slit an aloe vera leaf into 2 halves and extract the gel out of it.
  3. Then, add 1 teaspoon of aloe vera gel to the mixture of turmeric and water.
  4. Apply this mixture on your face.
  5. Let it sit for 20 minutes.
  6. Rinse your face with normal water.
  7. Pat dry your face and apply a mild moisturizer on your face.
  8. Do this remedy 2 times a week, for a month to get rid of freckles.
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Turmeric has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties which help in treating the freckles. Aloe vera gel provides nourishment to the skin. Water helps in easy application of the mixture.

HONEY

Ingredients:

  • Honey: 1 tbsp
  • Lemon juice: 1 tbsp
  • Cotton ball: 1

STEPS

  1. Mix 1 tablespoon of honey and 1 tablespoon of lemon juice together.
  2. Using your fingers, apply this mixture on your face.
  3. Let it sit for 20 minutes.
  4. Then, using a dampened cotton ball wipe the mixture off your face.
  5. Afterwards, rinse your face with normal water.
  6. Do this remedy 3 times a week, for 4 weeks.

Lemon cleanses the freckles properly. On the other hand, honey provides moisturization to the skin.

 

APPLE CIDER VINEGAR

Ingredients:

  • Apple cider vinegar: 1 tbsp
  • Honey: 1 tbsp

STEPS

  1. Add 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and 1 tablespoon of honey together.
  2. Using your fingers, apply this mixture on your face.
  3. Let it sit on your face for 15 minutes.
  4. Then, rinse your face with lukewarm water.
  5. Do this remedy twice a week, for a month. You will start to see the visible results just after 3- 4 application.

Apple cider vinegar contains malic acid which exfoliates the darkened skin cells and therefore treats brown or dark coloured freckles. Honey moisturizes the skin.

MINT

Ingredients:

  • Banana: ½
  • Mint leaves: 10

STEPS

  1. Mash ½ a banana in a bowl.
  2. Then, puree the mint leaves.
  3. Now, mix the mashed banana and mint puree together.
  4. Apply this mixture on your face.
  5. Let it sit for 15 minutes.
  6. Then, rinse your face with normal water.
  7. Pat dry your face and apply a mild moisturizer.
  8. Do this remedy 4 times a week, for 4 weeks.
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Mint contains antioxidants and vital vitamins that lightens the skin tone and thus helps in treating the freckles. Banana nourishes the skin and also makes it glowing.

BAKING SODA

Ingredients:

  • Baking soda: a pinch
  • Castor oil: 2- 3 drops

STEPS

  1. Mix 2- 3 drops of castor oil with a pinch of baking soda.
  2. Using your finger, apply this mixture on your face.
  3. Massage your face with this mixture in upward circular motion.
  4. Let it sit for 15- 20 minutes.
  5. Then, rinse your face with normal water.
  6. Do this remedy for 3 times a week, for 3 weeks.

Baking soda exfoliates the skin and removes dead and darkened skin cells; thus it removes freckles. Castor oil moisturizes the skin.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES:

Following are the measures that you can follow in order to prevent freckles:

  • Always apply a layer of sunscreen on your face before stepping out in sun. Sunscreens help in protecting our skin from harmful UV rays. If you have very sensitive or fair skin, then make sure the sunscreen you apply has at least SPF30 because it would provide 30 times the protection against what one has without sunscreen. Similarly, SPF50 would provide you 50 times the protection against what one has without sunscreen, so buy the sunscreens accordingly.
  • Always use an umbrella with you before you step out in sun. Or wear a hat; it helps to protect you from sun rays.
  • Reapply your sunscreen after every 5 hours.
  • Include Vitamin C rich food items in your diet. For example citrus fruits, kale, guava, and broccoli.

 

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