The thyroid gland is one of the most important glands in your body, but sometimes it might not work properly. When your gland does not produce sufficient amounts of hormones, the condition might become chronic. Then we are talking about hypothyroidism.
Your body lacks thyroid hormone, which is mainly responsible for running a person’s metabolism. Therefore, if you have this condition, your metabolism may slow down, but it isn’t always the case. It may be surprising to you, but this is a very common health condition. It is estimated that nearly 10 million Americans have it. It is often associated with women, and the statistics say that 10% of women have a certain degree of thyroid hormone deficiency.
A lot of people are diagnosed with the condition, but a lot more of the population are hypothyroid and they don’t know it. Let’s get back to the hormone production by the thyroid gland and give a simplified explanation.
Hormones can be seen as messengers whose role is to give orders to your cells in your body to do certain things. In fact, they are chemicals controlled by glands and released in your blood to act upon a particular cell. That’s how they interact with your body cells and balance is kept.
When everything is working as it should, there is hormonal balance, but in this condition, there isn’t hormonal balance. You can easily spot hypothyroidism as there are many obvious signs and symptoms. However, according to the Mayo Clinic, the symptoms may depend on how much you are deficient of the thyroid hormone.