Heat Wave Kills 1 Billion Sea Creatures Off Canada’s West Coast : NPR

Fitness

Marine biologist Christopher Harley says he has found hundreds of thousands of dead mussels on one beach alone.

Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia


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Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia


Marine biologist Christopher Harley says he has found hundreds of thousands of dead mussels on one beach alone.

Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia

With the Pacific region hitting record-setting temperatures in the last few weeks, a new study from Canada shows the heat waves’ enormous impact on marine life: an estimated 1 billion sea creatures on the coast of Vancouver have died as a result of the heat, a researcher says.

But that number is likely to be much higher, professor Christopher Harley from the University of British Columbia says.

“I’ve been working in the Pacific Northwest for most of the past 25 years and I have not seen anything like this here,” he said. “This is far more extensive than anything I’ve ever seen.”

Harley reaches his estimates by counting the number of sea creatures, mostly mussels, in a section that he says is representative of an entire beach. He varies measuring some beaches that are rocky and some that are not to get a full estimate for the entire ecosystem.

“This is a preliminary estimate based on good data, but I’m honestly worried that it’s a substantial underestimate,” Harley told NPR from a beach in British Columbia, where he continues to survey the casualties from the most recent heat wave.

“I’m also looking for all these dead barnacles. I’ve been hearing from people about dead clams and crabs and intertidal anemones and sea stars. And once you really start factoring in all these different species, it’s been a huge catastrophe for marine life,” he said.

Christopher Harley from the University of British Columbia has been tracking mussels and other sea creatures in the aftermath of the heat wave that hit the Pacific Northwest.

Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia


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Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia


Christopher Harley from the University of British Columbia has been tracking mussels and other sea creatures in the aftermath of the heat wave that hit the Pacific Northwest.

Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia

Though heat waves have impacted marine life in the past, Harley says temperatures reaching more than 100 degrees like they did last weekend in the Pacific Northwest are “exceptionally rare.” But with climate change, he’s seen estimates from other scientists that similar heat waves could start occurring once every five to 10 years.

“If it happens that frequently, the system won’t have time to recover in between the die-offs,” he said.

The die-off could have ripple effects beyond the shore

Malin Pinsky, an associate professor of marine biology at Rutgers University, said the extreme heat contributes to a “massive reorganization of ocean life.”

“Species are shifting towards the poles of the earth at about 60 km (37 miles) per decade, and it doesn’t happen slowly, bit by bit. It often happens in these extreme events, where a large population of something like mussels can die,” Pinsky said.

But the overarching problem, marine biologists point out, is that the impact of climate change on the oceans is still treated as out-of-mind-out-of-sight. Pinsky also agrees that Harley’s estimate of a billion creatures dead is likely an undercount.

“The craziest thing is that it’s just the tip of the iceberg. We can see the mussels because they’re on the shoreline but to a large extent, oceans are out of sight, out of mind, so we’re likely to learn the magnitude of what’s happening only much later,” Pinsky said.

Mussels dying off at this high of a rate will have massive effects on both marine and terrestrial animals, biologists say.

Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia


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Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia


Mussels dying off at this high of a rate will have massive effects on both marine and terrestrial animals, biologists say.

Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia

That many sea creatures dying at once not only impacts ocean life but terrestrial creatures as well — from birds who feed on sea life to humans running fisheries and consuming seafood.

“[Mussels] are what’s known as a foundation species because a lot of the ecosystem depends upon them … so losing the mussel bed would be losing all the apartment buildings in a city core,” Harley said.

In the meantime, he’s is still counting dead mussels on the seashore. On Thursday, from Porteau Cove, just north of Vancouver, he estimated 600,000 dead mussels in 164 feet of beach — a distance Harley says he can walk in a minute.

“Not every shore will be this bad, but this is a fair amount worse than I was expecting,” he said.

Just a 30-minute drive north of Vancouver, Harley spent Thursday at Porteau Cove and is now worried that his initial count of 1 billion dead creatures is too low.

Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia


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Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia


Just a 30-minute drive north of Vancouver, Harley spent Thursday at Porteau Cove and is now worried that his initial count of 1 billion dead creatures is too low.

Christopher Harley/University of British Columbia

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