Children’s health requires proper diagnosis and careful handling since the child is vulnerable with a still developing immune system. The aim of children’s health is to provide the right immunizations, to guard against chronic infections and to ensure the proper well-being of the child. Hospitals providing children’s health care must have a sensitive staff and trained pediatricians to understand the child’s problems. They must have proper healthcare services to handle chronic, acute, and developmental issues in children’s health. They must guide the parent on the correct manner to handle a child and his illnesses. They should educate parents about signs of possible infections and when to rush to the hospital in case of an emergency.
Common children health problems:
- An important aspect is general pediatric advice with an emphasis on immunizations, prevention of allergies, and other infectious diseases. You need to immunize the child against diseases like measles, mumps and rubella, and other vaccines as recommended by your doctor. Older children susceptible to cold may require influenza vaccinations. Check with your doctor about the right age and dosage of all-important vaccines to safeguard your child’s health. For example, there is a new human papillomavirus vaccine that guards against cervical cancer. There are three doses given at birth, two and six months to female babies. Children may get mild fever upon immunization, though it is not a worrying factor.
- Children can get hepatitis from their mother at birth or from other children in school. So, give Hepatitis B vaccination to your child at birth.
- Babies who are teething may be irritable and have a mild fever. Teething occurs up to three years of age.
- Most children are susceptible to fevers and viral infections like chicken pox and bacterial infections. Make your child comfortable in loose clothing and be alert for any rashes or blotches on the skin. If fever persists for more than three days, immediately consult a doctor, as it can be a sign of a serious illness.
- Children are very susceptible to colds and can get up to ten colds a year as they have a weak immune system.
- Children may get headaches due to stress, toothache, or fever. Do not ignore a headache, as it can be indicative of a serious infection.
- Many children may suffer from attention deficit disorder and social and behavioral problems in school that needs a specialist counselor’s intervention and guidance.
- Middle ear infections are common among children. Ear infections can be a sign of flu, tonsillitis, or a toothache. Most children get this infection at least three to four times a year.
- Serious pediatric cases may require surgery and hospitalization.
- Many children suffer from childhood obesity due to excessive consumption of junk food. It is necessary to inculcate healthy eating habits in children else they have a predisposition to juvenile diabetes and heart disease early on in life. Give them a diet that is healthy and nutritious. This gives them enough energy for all activities.
- Some children may suffer bedwetting at night. This can be due to fear of sleeping alone or lack of bladder control when asleep. You should be sensitive to the child and help him overcome this problem by training him to visit the toilet before going to bed. This may greatly help overcome the problem.
- Small children will always play and hurt themselves leading to minor bruises and cuts that require minor first aid.
- If your child falls on his head, do take him to a doctor to rule out any injury to the brain.
- Babies are very curious creatures and you can have an emergency at hand when he swallows a toy or some other object. Put the baby face down and thumb the back so the object may come out. Rush to the hospital if you cannot remove the object.
- Children may accidentally touch pots and pans and burn themselves. Immediately wash with water and preferably keep such objects at a height to avoid future accidents.
- Keep all alcohol, cleaning agents, spirits, and pesticides out of children’s reach to avoid accidental poisoning.
When giving medicines to your child read the label correctly for the exact dosage and check the expiry date. Learn about your child’s allergies since some children may be allergic to certain categories of drugs. Ask your doctor for further guidance about possible illnesses, their symptoms, and when to rush to the hospital. Interpreting and understanding your child is very important since they cannot express their problems. Therefore, children’s care requires careful handling and sensitivity on part of the parents.