President Biden said he’s not focused on whether he can “trust” the Russian President ahead of their sit-down later this week, but he’s hoping that he will be able to find some areas where he can work with Vladimir Putin — while laying out “red lines” for other areas.
Biden spoke with reporters after a day of meetings with NATO allies in Brussels. He said he discussed the upcoming U.S.-Russia summit with members of the alliance and that leaders were supportive of his outreach to Putin.
Biden has repeatedly said he wants a stable and predictable relationship with Russia. On Monday, he called Putin “tough” and “bright” and said he’s a “worthy adversary.”
“It’s not about trusting, it’s about agreeing,” Biden said. “When you write treaties with adversaries, you don’t say: ‘I trust you.’ You say: ‘This is what I expect.'”
Biden said he hopes that Putin is interested in “changing the perception the world has of him” and that he would engage in “appropriate behavior for a head of state.”
Biden said he will stand up for Ukraine at the meeting, but also said that Ukraine has not yet met the criteria to join NATO, saying the country still needs to clean up corruption issues.
The NATO summit is Biden’s latest stop on his multi-day tour through Europe. On his first trip abroad as president, Biden has sought to reassure allies that the U.S. is committed to taking the lead in international institutions, in contrast to the last administration’s “America First” agenda.
Biden met Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the sidelines of the summit for nearly two hours. Afterward, both Erdogan and Biden said it was a productive session. Relations have been strained over Turkey’s purchase of a Russian missile defense system — and Biden’s decision to use the word “genocide” to describe the mass slaughter of Armenians by Turks more than a century ago. The Turkish government has adamantly renounced Biden’s statement.
Great to meet @POTUS Joe Biden and speak about our shared commitment to democratic values and the rule of law – they are the true bedrock of our Transatlantic Alliance #NATO pic.twitter.com/ySf8lEEGA6
— Zuzana Čaputová (@ZuzanaCaputova) June 14, 2021
While Biden said he was “gratified” that NATO leaders agreed to the alliance should adapt to address more modern threats like climate change, cyber attacks and combatting the growing influence of China — something he has been pushing for.
The alliance agreed to back a new cyber defense policy aimed at deterring and defending against hacking threats.
On the China front, Biden scored a win during talks with the G-7 in Cornwall on the weekend when the group agreed to help developing countries fund infrastructure projects to compete with China’s “Belt and Road” initiative and to push back against some of China’s trade practices.
Biden has characterized the rise in power of autocracies like China and Russia as a threat to the global order and the spread of democracy. He’s urged allies to act as a “model” for the strength of democratic norms.
Biden plans to meet European Union leaders tomorrow in Brussels, then will head to Geneva, where he will hold talks Putin on Wednesday. The two leaders will hold two bilateral sessions with aides and advisers. Biden will then hold a solo press conference before heading back to the United States.
It will be a sharp contrast to former President Donald Trump’s controversial joint press conference with Putin in Helsinki, Finland in 2018. Trump faced a firestorm of criticism after he backed Putin’s denial of election interference in 2016, even though U.S. intelligence agencies had reached the opposite conclusion.
Biden briefly met on the sidelines of the NATO meeting briefly with the presidents of Poland and Romania ahead of his meeting with Putin. He held a separate session with leaders from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania – the members of the alliance that are geographically closest to Russia and most nervous about its incursions into Ukraine.
A White House official told reporters that they discussed the recent move by Moscow-backed Belarus to ground a commercial flight heading for Lithuania so that a critic of Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko could be arrested. The White House has said Biden intends to raise the issue with Putin on Wednesday.
NPR’s Franco Ordoñez contributed to this story.